Zimbabwe's new president implicated in 1980s massacres
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Zapu ditches Mangoma's Code
Party leader Dumiso Dabengwa confirmed the development yesterday, saying Code had no respect for Zapu's liberation war values.
"We have come to the painful conclusion that our presence in Code will not serve the realisation of our goals and aspirations. This decision was arrived at after careful consideration because Zapu was among the first four parties to work on the idea of this coalition a few years ago, Dabengwa said.
"There are several grounds for this assessment in our structures, but the most important triggers for the timing to pull out are that our structures have reported difficulties in marketing the coalition to those who support our sympathies with Zapu."
This comes weeks after the merger of Zapu and the Progressive Democrats of Zimbabwe (PDZ), led by United Kingdom-based Barbara Nyagomo, who now deputises Dabengwa in the new arrangement.
"However, we have a political compass, namely the true liberation of Zimbabwe and all its peoples that cannot be bargained away for anything. This guides us in our formation of partnerships with other parties, individually or in clusters."
Zapu spokesperson Iphithule Maphosa said the party had resolved to go it alone in the upcoming election subject to it cutting an election pact with other opposition parties.
"For now, yes, we are going it alone, but we are still open to working with other progressive forces, especially through co-operation or any other election partnership," he said yesterday in an interview.
Other parties in Code include Progressive Democrats of Zimbabwe led by Barbara Nyagomo, Zimbabweans United for Democracy Party (Farai Mbira), Democratic Assembly for Restoration and Empowerment (Gilbert Dzikiti), African Democratic Party (Marceline Chikasha), Mavambo/Kusile/Dawn (Simba Makoni) and ZimFirst (Maxwell Shumba).
Zapu News Desk
by Staff Reporter
Members of the United States of America's Senate Foreign Relations Committee Jeff Flake and Chris Coons have demanded that Zimbabwean President Emmesron Mnangagwa and his administration implement a raft of reforms which include apologising for Gukurahundi if the relations between the two nations are to be restored. The US has told Mnangagwa to undertake a "genuine process of national reconciliation up to and including acknowledging and apologising for atrocities in Matabeleland Gukurahundi."
The frameworks include unifying the people of Zimbabwe by "acknowledging that human rights have been abused, including during the urban land clearances of Operation Murambatsvina, and the violence perpetrated in the wake of the 2008 election against the opposition and citizens of Zimbabwe."
America also demanded that Mnangagwa take "steps to offer redress or compensation to victims of abuses." The framework also spells out that the new administration orders "an immediate inquiry into the disappearance of prominent human rights activists, including Patrick Nabanyama, Itai Dzamara, and Paul Chizuze."
Announcing the new measures, Flake said: "President Mnangagwa has signalled his intent to bring about change in Zimbabwe. His words need to be followed by concrete actions. "This measure outlines steps that, if taken, would go a long way to demonstrate that President Mnangagwa is earnest in his desire to bring about long-overdue change for the people of Zimbabwe, who suffered under authoritarian rule for far too long."
"After 37 years of suffering under the repressive rule of Robert Mugabe, the people of Zimbabwe should be excited about the possibility of a brighter future." America also set a pre-election condition for the new administration. "The following pre-election conditions are met: '(A) Establishment and public release, without cost, in both paper and digital formats, of a biometric voter registration roll that is endorsed by all registered political parties.
"(B) An independent electoral management body is selected, the members of which should be nominated by all political parties represented in the parliament of Zimbabwe, and permitted to entirely carry out the functions assigned to it in section 239 of Zimbabwe's 2013 constitution in an entirely independent manner.
"(C) The Defense Forces of Zimbabwe are neither permitted to actively participate in campaigning for any candidate nor to intimidate voters, and must verifiably and credibly uphold their constitutionally mandated duty to respect the fundamental rights and freedoms of all persons and be non-partisan in character.
"(D) International observers, including from the United States, the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, and the European Union are permitted to observe the entire electoral process, both prior to, on, and following voting day, including by monitoring polling stations and counting centers, and are able to independently operate in a manner enabling them to access and analyze vote tallying, tabulation, and the transmission and content of voting results.
"(E) Candidates are allowed free and full access to state media, which must afford equal time and coverage to all registered parties, in an impartial manner, and must be able to campaign in an environment that is free from intimidation and violence.
Senator Coons said; "To ensure conditions throughout the country improve, the international community should insist on concrete actions from the new government of Zimbabwe before lifting sanctions and renewing investment in the country.
"We look forward to visiting Zimbabwe, meeting with its top officials, and assessing the steps they are taking to hold free, fair, and credible elections as well as to advance broader economic and political reforms to improve the lives of all the citizens of Zimbabwe."
Receptionist behind Magwegwe High School headmaster smearing
After visiting Magwegwe High School on a fact finding mission has taken note of worrying developments at the school owing to the school's receptionist who is intimidating staff at the school and pursuing a tribal and ethnic agenda at the school.
After the school headmaster Mr Ncube was not at liberty to delve into details about the incident where purported students wrote a damning tribally charged complaint against the school head, we undertook our own investigations and have since established that the receptionist by name of Mhango, masquerading as students, is the one who wrote the letter.
Our investigations have also established that Mhango is in the habit of intimidating staff, parents and students at the school, often threatening some with registering their names on a list with state security agents.
Mhango, who has on several occasions been caught stealing phones and at one time meat meant for the school, is said to be in the habit of calling staff meetings with Shona speaking teachers at the school where she discuss politics and tribal hatred at the government school. Those who spoke to us showed signs of fear whenever they mentioned the name Mhango.
The school headmaster received our team with warm hands but did not agree to discuss the matter at hand except assuring us that authorities were working on the matter and he was confident a fair resolution will be delivered.
We however, realizing the discomfort displayed by the school head, went on to do our own investigations and the findings point to excessive intimidation and fear that obtains at the government institution at the hands of the woman at reception.
Staff members and students alike displayed so much fear of the woman, whom they accused if bragging about her disguised deployment at the school by the CIO.
The Magwegwe High School head and staff need our support as citizens as they are under siege from Mhango who has not hidden her ZANU PF membership at the school.
Mhango needs to be reminded that problems facing this country are as a result of tribally and ethnically driven hatred, on which the current government rode for the past four decades.
Mhango needs to be reminded of the need to be a responsible civil servant and that residents, parents and students at the school expect proper unbiased service regardless of ones political or ethnic orientation.
Zapu Information Desk
The unity of purpose displayed by the Chiefs in the face of a paranoid repressive regime blocking the event over the weekend was a demonstration of astute and resolute leadership.
ZAPU, as believers in peoples power, stand firmly behind the Matebeleland Chiefs and are supportive of their brave stance against the repressive Zimbabwean establishment that is prepared to disregard the constitution and international statutes on human rights in order to push a hegemonic system that violates rights of citizens.
Failure to interpret the law and constitution leading to the weird High Court provisional order over the matter is testimony that the ZANU PF system is so hell-bent on perpetuating it's evil on the people even in areas the constitution seeks to protect them.
It is constitutionally provided that a people can practice their culture without hindrance and interference of any sought. It is also constitutionally provided that a traditional leader of a peoples choice can preside over their traditional and cultural affairs.
The court's decision around this matter, after the monumental failure to read the constitution and law, not only smacks of hypocrisy but as insulting arrogance to everything legal and constitutional by a regime whose existence is a result of a military coup which is not provided for in the Zimbabwean constitution.
How the country's courts endorsed the November coup and deny coronation of a Ndebele Crown Prince beats the legal mind, especially considering the constitutionality of the Ndebele monarchy and its historical connotations.
The involvement of ZANU PF in this matter, together with assigning Fortune Charumbira to interfere in this matter is not only off the point but a deliberate ploy to delay the revival of the Ndebele culture and traditions.
ZANU PF and Charumbira are not at all versed in the Ndebele culture, so how do they seek to preside over what they are not aware of? They have never known a King throughout their inflated history.
ZAPU knows fully well that had ZANU PF and Charumbira had a King in their history, by now that monarchy would have been restored. They, however, can never respond positively to the Ndebele Crown since it's not part of their culture.
ZAPU also notes with sadness the involvement of one of the Khumalo clan members, Peter Zwide Khumalo who filed in the same courts of Zimbabwe challenging the coronation. The fact that his unveiling went on unhindered is testimony that he has become the hand of the evil system that has oppressed and suppressed the Ndebele nation since it's fall 1893.
The mother party fully supports the resolution by the Matabeleland Chiefs to remain resolutely united until the King is coronated.
We support the legal and constitutional route they have announced, and any other that is meant to facilitate the realization of full rights of all citizens without prejudice.
*Iphithule Thembani Maphosa*
*ZAPU National Secretary for Information Publicity and Marketing*
However, the actions of the MDCT youths clearly show that the entrenched nature of tribal politics in Zimbabwe whereby one tribe in accorded a superior status over the others. This, in essence, is not in the best interests of the country, neither in the short term nor its long-term interests. As a Nation, we have waited for the equalisation and respect for every ethnic group in the country regardless of the majority or minority status. The culture of entitlement solely based on one's tribe is archaic politics which needs to be discouraged or banned in the country. This senseless misinterpretation of the concept ‘the majority rules' should be challenged and people be re-schooled. In a democracy, in a country whereby equality and fairness are the guiding principles for its citizens the principle of a majority does not mean a majority tribe but it means a majority in terms of ideas which cut across tribal divisions and gender divisions.
The notion of a tribal majority leads to a false sense of entitlement whereby those from the majority tribe feel that they are entitled to lead just only because they belong to a majority tribe. This is the case with what is happening in the MDCT, Nelson Chamisa and Elias Mudzuri feel more entitled to lead the MDCT over and above Thokozani Khupe just because they are from a so-called majority tribe. These two are worse than Tswangirayi himself who when the MDC was formed he had all the opportunities of rerouting Zimbabwe's politics away from tribal politics but he was busy copying everything which ZANU did in terms of tribal divisions. What Chamisa is doing is simply perpetuating tribal notions of entitlement and violation of constitutionalism in Zimbabwe.
According to the constitution of the MDCT, it is Dr Khupe who is supposed to take over the presidency of the MDCT on an acting basis. Chamisa had the temerity to set his dogs of war against Khupe just to entrench his tribal politics. It is a well-known fact that the MDCT has used physical violence to silence dissenting voices from Matabeleland, Prof Ncube suffered the same predicament at Harvest House at the hands of Tswangirayi's thugs, but Chamisa has taken this to another level just because he is unashamedly power hungry. His brazen need for power would be his downfall. Now it would be very difficult for him to set his foot in Matabeleland. If the MDCT was serious about constitutionalism and rule of law they should have followed their constitution and let Khupe briefly takeover on an acting capacity and prepares for an elective congress or Conference.
As a woman myself, I feel that Khupe faced two hurdles, that of belonging to the so-called wrong tribe and also being a woman. One of the ridiculous propositions that I have ever heard peddled in Zimbabwe is that Grace Mugabe had captured Zimbabwe and that Zimbabwe had degenerated because of Grace, this is nonsense as we all know that Grace never had any power but was simply using her husband's power by proxy. Grace received all the scorn for being a woman now it is happening to Khupe just because she is a woman. This macho and patriarchal society which seeks to elevate men just for being men must fall.
It was disheartening to see Chamisa throw all cultural values through the window in full pursuit of power, Tswangirayi was still lying in his stately casket when Chamisa sought to take over power by force. He should at least have waited until the burial of his dear leader.
Women of Zimbabwe must stand up to this bigotry of false entitlement, the victimisation of Khuphe will not only affect her as an individual but it will affect all women as many women will be fearful to engage in politics and leadership roles. Let us end this scourge now, let us not allow it to continue to posterity. Let us turn this into women liberation politics. women liberation politics is human liberation politics. Let us turn it upside down. Men should start treating us as their equals now, they should start treating us as human beings, not as their sex toys. We know as women we have the power in Zimbabwe as we are great in numbers, only if we could start using this advantage, men will start seeing us as human beings.
The so-called official opposition with its big tent mentality risks fragmenting into three factions one led by Khuphe, another by Chamisa and the other by Mudzuri. This will weaken the opposition in Zimbabwe in an election year. I call upon everyone to shun divisions, reject use of violence as a political tool, let us close ranks and squeeze the junta out of power.
Let us come together, let us work together, let us start a new kind of politics in Zimbabwe where tribal politics is shunned and banned, where male chauvinism is shunned and banned. Let us accept each other, let us value diversity, let us celebrate our differences and let us promote the spirit of oneness. We love our men, we respect our men and we demand the same from them.
Gukurahundi - When Robert Mugabe Refused To Apologise
The Gukurahundi was a series of massacres of Ndebele civilians carried out by the Zimbabwe National Army from early 1983 to late 1987. It derives from a Shona language term which loosely translates to "the early rain which washes away the chaff before the spring rains".
During the Rhodesian Bush War two rival nationalist parties, Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and Joshua Nkomo's Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU), had emerged to challenge Rhodesia's predominantly white government. ZANU initially defined Gukurahundi as an ideological strategy aimed at carrying the war into major settlements and individual homesteads. Following Mugabe's ascension to power, his government remained threatened by ZAPU and manufactured "dissidents" – saying that they disgruntled former guerrillas and supporters of ZAPU.
ZANU recruited mainly from the majority Shona people, whereas the ZAPU had its greatest support among the minority Ndebele. In early 1983, the North Korean-trained Fifth Brigade began a crackdown on Ndebele tribes in Matabeleland and Midlands, every area where ZAPU had its supporters; the Ndebele homelands. Over the following two years, thousands of Ndebele were detained by government forces and either marched to slaughter camps summarily executed, some buried alive, thrown in disused old mines. Women raped, pregnant girls bayoneted, foetus pulled out from their stomachs and left dying.
Although there are different estimates, the consensus of the International Association of Genocide Scholars is that more than 20,000 people were killed. Mugabe refused to apologise, even the current Mnangagwa government, because they were involved in this massacre, are running away from addressing the issue; instead, they formed a fit of no purpose committee and called it “Peace and Reconciliation Committee”. How can one talk about Peace and reconciliation before accepting that what happened was wrong and make a public apology first?
Require new Zimbabwean regime to account for Gukurahundi genocide
The Zimbabwe Vigil is petitioning the UK Government to require new Zimbabwean regime to account for Gukurahundi genocide.
The petition reads: Zimbabwe has reportedly been encouraged by the UK Government to apply to rejoin the Commonwealth.
Zimbabweans in exile in the UK, and supporters urge the UK not to support readmission until the ruling Zanu PF satisfactorily addresses the genocide of some 20000 Ndebeles in the 1980s. A simple apology would be a start but we believe an independent truth and reconciliation process offers the best hope of healing the still bleeding wounds.
You can sign the petition here: http://chn.ge/2BXIgko
Zimbabwe Vigil Co-ordinators
The Vigil, outside the Zimbabwe Embassy, 429 Strand, London, takes place every Saturday from 14.00 to 18.00 to protest against gross violations of human rights in Zimbabwe. The Vigil which started in October 2002 will continue until internationally-monitored, free and fair elections are held in Zimbabwe.
Zapu information desk.
Zapu, Zanu PF clash over voter slips
14 February 2018
BULAWAYO – " A Tiger will never change its spots" The lies told by the President of Zimbabwe Mnangagwa to
the world leaders in Europe that there will be free and fair elections in Zimbabwe have been exposed by what is
happenning on the ground in rural areas accross Zimbabwe. If Zanu government think that the British and
Americans and the western civilised world will pump in money to an economy on its knees because of empty
promises; the Junta have to think again" said an activist in the United Kingdom. This week Zanu PF and Zapu
supporters here clashed last weekend over registration slips, with the latter disrupting the ruling party’s meeting
at Zhokwe village. The Zapu supporters accused Zanu PF officials in the district of allegedly forcing villagers to
bring their voter registration slips for them to be eligible to receive food aid.
This comes amid outcry from opposition parties over continued intimidation of voters by Zanu PF officials, who
of late have been accused of demanding registration slips’ serial numbers from would-be voters.
Southern News understands that the meeting had been called by village head Roger Ndlovu with the agenda to
inform his subjects about the need to register for them to get food aid. However, that was before Zanu PF
officials, led by area commissar Pharaoh Nyaliwa Ndlovu, highjacked the meeting and started giving
instructions that only those who brought voter registration slips would be eligible. This, however, did not go
down well with some Zapu officials that were part of the meeting, who – led by one John Dube – immediately
forced the meeting to adjourn arguing the ruling party had no right to demand the registration slips. Zanu PF’s
Nyaliwa Ndlovu shifted the blame to the party’s local secretary in the area identified as Grace Vumani.
“I was only called to the meeting where I was told by Vumani to bring my BVR (biometric voter registration) slip
for it was a requirement to register for food aid. I did and gave it to her at the meeting.
“Chaos started when John Dube challenged the slips issue and his Zapu colleagues joined in. They disrupted
the meeting and it was closed,” Ndlovu told Southern News. Village headman Ndlovu confirmed the
development, saying he had to adjourn the meeting following the skirmishes. “Yes, we had a meeting that was
disrupted by members of Zapu and other people who were disrespectful. They refused to surrender their BVR
registration slips and there was chaos. The registration slips were a requirement for residents to register for
food aid. I failed to hold the meeting and had to close the meeting,” said Ndlovu. Zapu deputy national
organising secretary Ndodana Moyo confirmed the stand-off between the two parties saying the party had to
intervene to protect its members. “It is true we have such a problem in Gwanda Central.
What surprises us as Zapu that President Mnangagwa pronounced to the nation and international community
that his government will ensure free and fair election yet his party is antagonising our people especially in rural
areas where intimidation by Zanu PF is rampant,” Moyo said. “It is against the spirit of free and fair elections as
provided for by the Constitution. However, this time around Zanu PF will not have it easy as they are used to
run over the MDCs. Zapu matches them man-to-man and we will never have their nonsense. Our Zipra
veterans are already on the ground to protect all citizens.”
Source: DailyNews Live
Ndebele Chiefs to meet Chiwenga over Gukurahundi
The request was made in a letter to Chiwenga dated December 10 before he was appointed VP following the November military operation that toppled former president Robert Mugabe and replaced him with Emmerson Mnangagwa.
The request was made in a letter congratulating Chiwenga for his role as Commander of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces in staging a successful military operation.
The emotionally charged letter received on behalf of Chiwenga by one Major General Muradzi on December 11 came after a meeting between Chiwenga and the chiefs from Matabeleland on December 7.
According to the letter which the chiefs say is yet to be responded to, the traditional leaders proposed January 5 this year (tomorrow) for the beginning of open talks on Gukurahundi. They said the time to continue shrugging off debate on the massacres as if they never happened was over.
"Sir, let us have a face to face engagement over the issue and find a long-lasting internal resolve without engaging the outside world," part of the letter signed by one Chief Ndiweni on behalf of the head of delegation Chief Vezi Maduna reads.
"Let us mutually together and collectively have a closed roundtable meeting not for revenge, but to bring finality to this issue.
"We are all mature. Let us face it amicably and we free ourselves once and for all. Let us frankly engage not blame, revenge each other on these disturbances, but let's bring Godly mutual finality without spilling blood or having unnecessary name-calling and retribution."
The Gukurahundi issue has been an emotive subject since the 1980s when the North Korean trained Fifth Brigade descended on the Midlands and Matabeleland provinces, killing people under the guise of thwarting a dissident movement.
Statistics claim over 20 000 people were killed although Mnangagwa, during a recent interview in Davos, Switzerland where he was attending the World Economic Forum said the figure was over-stated.
He, however, could not be drawn into apologising for the atrocities which took place when he was the State Security minister.
Mugabe also refused to commit himself to debate on the killings, opting to say it was a "moment of madness".
But the chiefs said they had confidence that Chiwenga would preside over the engagement process to bring closure to the emotive issue following the December 7 meeting.
They said the engagement would help heal the country and spearhead unity and development and thus implored Chiwenga to openly debate the issue with all the affected people.
Mnangagwa has signed the Bill on National Healing and Reconciliation to deal with many issues, among them the Gukurahundi genocide.