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Devolution is the right way; The Rainy Day for Zimbabwe

ZAPU (Zimbabwe African People’s Union) Manifesto 2010, position on Devolution stated in Section Two (2) Manifesto Articles C &D reads:

  1. Devolution of Power to the Provinces

Excessive centralization built on the colonial "control" model has enabled the construction of an extensive patronage system in which political connection became an economic tool for the post-independence elite. ZAPU will remove the stranglehold of bureaucratic centralization, and work for devolution of political power and requisite economic responsibility to five viable provinces: Manicaland, Mashonaland, Masvingo, Matebeleland, and Midlands. Devolution of Power to the Provinces means the following:

  1. Provinces to have their own government elected by the people in the Provinces;
  2. Provincial government to have control over natural resources and environmental issues within its geographical jurisdiction;
  • Provinces to have Provincial Parliamentary Assembly;
  1. Provinces to have Provincial Judiciary System;
  2. Provinces to have their own Provincial revenue raising system;
  3. People in the Provinces to be responsible for their economic, social, cultural and political development.
  4. Proportional Representation and the First-Past-the-Post

Proportional representation will be used at the national level, because it promotes the right to participate in the governance of one’s country.  It accommodates diverse interests and promotes consensus.  It enhances power sharing and allegiance to the political order of the day by leaders of different political parties because they have a stake in the arrangement.

The first-past-the-post electoral system will be used in the election of members of the Provincial Parliament/Assembly. It is important to ensure direct representation and accountability at the local level. Election of Country’s President, Prime Minister and Creation of National Executive Authority

e.The National Assembly (Parliament) which will be elected through a proportional representation system will elect the President.  The President after consultation with leaders of political parties in Parliament will appoint the Prime Minister.  The national Executive Authority will include President, Deputy President, the Speaker of the National Assembly, the Prime Minister and the Premiers of the 5 Provinces.  The National Executive Authority will be the supreme decision making body of Zimbabwe.  Its duties will be as follows:

  1. Advise the President on the meaning and implication of old and new legislation before he signs it into law;
  2. Advise the President on all matters of national interest and concern; and
  3. Advise the President on all senior national government Appointments, including appointments of people to constitutionally entrenched institutions

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